Camelids, modern Andes Gold prehistoric species derived from the Miocene era aepycamelus, procamelus, oxydactylus, stenomylus originated in North America, the land had to give 18 million laps around the sun for these camelids finally start their migration far Asia and South America, died out ironically on the same continent where they were born, never to return, over 11 million years. Before his disappearance, some species migrate reached south of our continent to evolve in the current South American camelids, including two domestic species: llama (Lama glama) and alpaca (Vicugna pacos) and two wild species: guanaco (Lama guanicoe) and vicuña (Vicugna vicugna).
Mitochondrial DNA studies suggest that the vicuña and guanaco were the ancestors of alpacas and llamas, respectively, in a process of domestication began in the Central Andes of South America 6,000 years ago. The use of textile fibers begins with the Huaca Prieta Culture 2500 years ago, then you have a clear development in the Paracas and subsequently reached levels of excellence in the Mochica culture.
Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Artiodactyla Family: Camelidae Genre: Vicugna Species: V. pacos Binomial name: Vicugna pacos
It is assumed that specialization in the production of alpaca fiber derived from a selection process practiced since pre-Columbian times.
There are two breeds of alpacas:
Huacaya and Suri.
The Huacaya alpaca is fleece features a compact, spongy-like fleece of Corriedale sheep which gives a more voluminous look with soft, wavy fine fibers.
The legs and face are covered by short fiber, while the rest of the body, it is longer and kale, giving the animal a spongy appearance. The annual growth of the fiber is 9 to 12 cm. in length.
Suri alpaca fibers presents major hanging curl length organized in a manner similar to curls Lincoln sheep, which confers to the animal an angular appearance
It is characterized by fiber limp, slightly wavy, silkier and annual growth from 10.4 to 20 cm in length., Which falls on the sides of the animal's body.